Nation, State and Social Revolution
–The Beginning of the Short Twentieth Century of China
Professor Wang Hui
East Asian Studies, NYU
This course severs as an introduction to the prelude to modern Chinese intellectual history. It seeks to explore the transformation of late imperial China and heterogeneous voices among Chinese reformists, revolutionaries, anarchists and socialists in late Qing and early republic. By discussing a wide range of scholarchip and original texts, this class addresses some critical issues such as empire and state, revolution and reform, nation and great harmony, anarchism and socialism, etc..
The texts are arranged roughly chronologically. Furthermore, each week’s texts are grouped around individual topical themes. Great importance is placed on class discussion and on creating a dialogue of interpretations of the texts we read. The lecture schedule and reading assignments are subject to change.
*** EAS majors who have completed Advance II Chinese or non-majors with comparable language skills may take this course as an elective course in undergraduate research, with the instructor’s permission. Part of the readings in Chinese are meant for graduate students who may want to take this course as independent studies.***
The primary requirements of the course are an attentive reading of the assigned texts and an active engagement in class discussions. At a more formal level, the requirements are detailed below:
Attendance and participation: Attendance is mandatory. Please come to class prepared, which means you are supposed to finish readings before you attend the lecture session.
Class Presentation: Each student will be expected, once during the semester, to open the discussion with a brief presentation on the assigned texts.
Papers: There will be one papers assigned for the course, the due at the end of the semester and to be 9-10 pages long. Suggested topics will be distributed beforehand, but students are strongly encouraged to come up with their own topics.
Introduction and Organization
What Is China’s Short Twentieth Century
1, How to translate China and its Modern?
# Wang Hui, “The Liberation of the Object and the Interrogation of Modernity”, Modern China, January, 2008 (Forthcoming)
# Paul Cohen, Discovering History in China, American Scholarship on China’s Recent Past (New York: Columbia University Press, 1984), Chapter 1 & 2
# Philip A.Kuhn, Origins of the Modern Chinese State (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2002)
2, The Idea of Ritual China in New Text Confucianism
# Benjamin A. Elman, Classicism, Politics, and Kinship: the Chang-chou School of New Text Confucianism in Late Imperial China (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990), chapter 9 & 10
# Wang Hui, “The Idea of China in the New-Text Confucianism (1780-1911)”, Critical Zone, Volume 1 Number 2, Nanjing: 2006
3, The North-West and the South-East in Modern China
# Joanna Waley-Cohen, “Religion, War, and Empire-building in Eighteenth-Century China”, The International History Review, Volume xx Number 2: June 1998, pp.336-352
# Peter Perdue, “Boundaries, Maps, and Movement: Chinese, Russian, and Mongolian Empires in Early Modern Central Eurasia”, The International History Review, Volume xx number 2, June 1998, pp.263-286.
# Jane Kate Leonard, Wei Yuan and China’s Rediscovery of the Maritime World, Harvard East Asian Monographs 111, 1984
4, The Question of Sovereignty and International Law in Late Qing
# Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities, London: Verso, 1983, chapter 6
# Lydia H. Liu, The Clash of Empires: The Invention of China in Modern World (Cambridge, MA: Harvard, 2004), chapter 4
# W. A. P. Martin, “International Law in Ancient China”, Hanlin Papers, Second Series, Shanghai: Kelly & Walsh, 1894
# W. A. P. Martin, “Diplomacy in Ancient China”, Hanlin Papers, Second Series, Shanghai: Kelly
5, Kang Youwei: Political Confucianism and Reform
# Hsiao Kung-chuan, A Modern China and a New World: Kang Yu-wei, Reformer and Utopian, 1858-1927, Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1975, chapter 6-7
6, Yan Fu: In Search of Wealth and Power and the New Knowledge
# Benjamin Schwartz, In Search of Wealth and Power: Yan Fu and the West, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1964
7, Liang Qicha Moral, Knowledge and State
# Joseph. R. Levenson, Liang Ch’I-ch’ao and Modern Mind of China, Harvard University Press, 1953, Chapter 3-4
# Hao Chang, Liang Ch’i-ch’ao and Intellectual Transition in China (1890-1907), Harvard University Press, 1971, Chapter 7-8
8, Zhang Binglin: Nationalism and Its Self Negation
# Kauko Laitinen, Chinese Nationalism in late Qing Dynasty: Zhang Binglin as a Anti Manchu Propagandist (London: Curzon Press, 1990
# Shimada Kanji, Pioneer of Chinese Revolution: Zhang Binglin and Confucianism, trans. Joshua A Fogel, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1990
# Wang Hui, “Zhang Taiyan’s Concept of the Individual and Modern Chinese Identity.” In Becoming Chinese, edited by Wen-hsin Yeh, 231-59. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000.
9, Anarchism and Revolutionary Discourse
# Martin Bernal, “Liu Shih-p’ei and National Essence”, In The Limits of Change, ed. C. Furth, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1976
# Martin Bernal, “The Triumph of Anarchism over Marxism, 1906-1907”, in China in Revolution: The First Phase, 1900-1913, ed. Mary C. Wright, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1968
# Arif Dirlik. Anarchism in the Chinese Revolution (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1991), chapter 1-2
10, Discursive Community of Science
# Arif Dirlik. Anarchism in the Chinese Revolution (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1991), chapter 3
# Wang Hui, “Discursive Community and the Genealogy of Scientific Categories.” In Everyday Modernity in China, edited by Madeleine Yue Dong and Joshua Goldstein, 80-120. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2006.
11, Cultural Debates and Reclassification of Knowledge
# D. W. Kwok, Scientism in Chinese Thought, 1900-1950, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965
# Wang Hui, “Problem of Knowledge and Problem of Culture”, Manuscript
12, Politics of Imagining Asia
# Wang Hui, “Politics of Imagining Asia”, Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, Volume 8, Number.1, 2007, pp.1-33.
# Rebecca E. Karl, Staging the World: Chinese Nationalism at the Turn of the Twentieth Century Durham: Duke University Press 2002, Chapter 2 & 6
Nation, State and Social Revolution