1.Andrew Nathan, in his discussion of Liang Qichao’s political ideas, suggest that Liang’s liberalism was based on a misreading of western liberal thought, based on Liang’s own Confucian assumptions. What Confucian assumptions were involved? How did they alter classical liberal thought? Why, ultimately, did Liang become disillusioned with western models of government?
2.Bianco in his discussion of the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) rise to power, asks the question, what role was played by Marxism in the CCP’s victory. He suggests that Mao and his party developed a distinct “Asian Marxism.” What were the main features of that variant of Marxism? How did it contribute to the CCP’s success?
3.what issues or problems in rural Chinese society in the early decades of the 20th century were the basis for peasant rebellion? What were Mao’s views, as exemplified in “An investigation of the Peasant Movement in Hunan”(1927)?
5.Compare Imperial Confucianism as discussed by Fairbank and Goldman, to the classical values and principles articulated by Confucius. What are the main differences? How were Confucians ideas utilized by the early Han dynasty rulers.
6.Mao declared in his interview with Edgar Snow that he was drawn to Marxism by his reading of the Communist Manifesto. What aspects of the Manifesto would have appealed to Mao and the early members of the CCP? Which elements might have repelled him?
7.In what ways did the mixed ideology of the Taiping Rebellion Of the mid-1850s contribute to its early successes and ultimate failure?
8.Bianco suggests that the May4th movement represented the necessary first step towards a true social revolution. In what sense was the May 4th movement revolutionary? How did the May 4th movement pave the way for the later stages in the developement of a true revolution?
9.Was Kang Yuwei a conservative ,and if so in what sense? Consider Mary Wright’s discussion of 19th century conservation in China as well as Spence’s description of Kang’s ideas and programs in answering this quesation.