猫窝:岛主抄书

列维-施特劳斯逝世

PARIS — Claude Levi-Strauss, widely considered the father of modern
anthropology for work that included theories about commonalities
between tribal and industrial societies, has died. He was 100.

The French intellectual was regarded as having reshaped the field of
anthropology, introducing the concept of structuralism — concepts
about common patterns of behavior and thought, especially myths, in a
wide range of human societies. Defined as the search for the
underlying patterns of thought in all forms of human activity,
structuralism compared the formal relationships among elements in any
given system.

During his six-decade career, Levi-Strauss authored literary and
anthropological classics including “Tristes Tropiques” (1955), “The
Savage Mind” (1963) and “The Raw and the Cooked” (1964).

Jean-Mathieu Pasqualini, chief of staff at the Academie Francaise,
said an homage to Levi-Strauss was planned for Thursday, with members
of the society — of which Levi-Strauss was a member — standing during
a speech to honor his memory.

Born on Nov. 28, 1908, in Brussels, Belgium, Levi-Strauss was the son
of French parents of Jewish origin. He studied in Paris and went on to
teach in Sao Paulo, Brazil and conduct much of the research that led
to his breakthrough books in the South American giant.

Levi-Strauss also won worldwide acclaim and was awarded honorary
doctorates universities including Harvard, Yale and Oxford, as well as
universities in Sweden, Mexico and Canada.

He is survived by his sons Roman and Laurent.

被誉为法国最后一位思想巨人,结构主义人类学创始人,法兰西科学院院士克洛德•列维-斯特劳斯于上周五(2009年10月30日)与世长辞。列维-斯特劳斯刚刚于2008年11月28日渡过了他的100岁寿辰。

克洛德•列维-斯特劳斯1908年出生在布鲁塞尔,1973年,列维-斯特劳斯当选为法兰西科学院院士。

列维 斯特劳斯一生著作等身,《忧郁的热带》、《亲属关系的基本结构》、《野性的思维》及他的《结构人类学》均是列维-斯特劳斯界碑式的著述。通过对美洲尤其是亚马逊河流域土著部落的观察,列维-斯特劳斯提出了崭新的“结构主义”思维说。他的研究不仅是文化人类学上具有划时代意义的突破,其影响远远超出人类学,而波及西方整个人文学界,挑战传统思想体系忽视无意识、非理性的局限。

列维-斯特劳斯去世后,法国总统萨科齐称赞他是一位不知疲倦的人文主义者,一位不断寻求新知识的学者,是一位摆脱了狭隘与死板教条的人士。法国社会党第一书记奥布来夫人也对列维-斯特劳斯的去世表示哀悼,称他是一位伟大的法国学者,他的著作属于人类的共同财产。与列维-斯特劳斯同是法兰西科学院院士的让-多尔梅松也指出,列维-斯特劳斯是伟大的法国学者。

【岛主按】近期过世的还有唐德刚先生与钱学森先生

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This entry was published on 2009/11/04 at 08:00. It’s filed under 信息发布 and tagged . Bookmark the permalink. Follow any comments here with the RSS feed for this post.

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