猫窝:岛主抄书

The Lucifer Effect

It is hard to imagine that such sexual humiliation could happen in only five days, when the young men all know that this is a simulated prison experiment. Moreover, initially they all recognized that the “others” were also college students like themselves. Given that they were all randomly assigned to play these contrasting roles, there were no inherent differences between the two categories. They all began the experience as seemingly good people. Those who were guards knew that but for the random flip of a coin they could have been wearing the prisoner smocks and been controlled by those they were now abusing. They also knew that the prisoners had done nothing criminally wrong to deserve their lowly status. Yet, some guards have transformed into perpetrators of evil, and other guards have become passive contributors to the evil through their inaction. Still other normal, healthy young men as prisoners have broken down under the situational pressures, while the remaining surviving prisoners have become zombie-like followers.

The power of this situation ran swiftly and deeply through most of those on this exploratory ship of human nature. Only a few were able to resist the situational temptations to yield to power and dominance while maintaining some semblance of morality and decency. Obviously, I was not among that noble class.

——Philip Zimbardo, The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil, New York: Random House, 2007, pp. 172-173.

 

很难想象竟然只在五天内就发生这样的性羞辱,这些年轻人全都知道这只是个模拟监狱的实验,此外,一开始他们也都知道“其他人”跟他们一样是大学生,只是随机被分派到两组扮演这些对比的角色,两个组别没有任何与生俱来的差异。开始时看起来他们都像是好人,当狱卒的人知道,只要随机分派的硬币换个面,现在就可能是他穿着囚衣,被这些原先受他虐待的人所控制。他们也很清楚,对手并不是因为犯下任何罪行而该得到如此低贱的地位。然而,有些狱卒还是转变成邪恶的加害者,其他的狱卒则顺其自然、间接被动地造就他们的恶行。也才会有正常、健康的犯人在情境的压力下崩溃,而剩下幸存的犯人们,都变成了如行尸走肉的跟随着。
我们身在这艘人性的探索船上,对这个情境的力量有更直接且深层的探究。在其中,只有几个人可以抵抗情境的诱惑,不向权力和权威低头,同时又维持住一些道德和宽容的样貌。相形之下,我的地位显然并没有那么崇高。
——菲利普·津巴多,孙佩妏、陈雅馨译:《路西法效应:好人是如何变成恶魔的》,北京:生活·读书·新知三联书店,2010年,第202页。

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This entry was published on 2013/02/12 at 14:25. It’s filed under 岛主抄书 and tagged , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. Follow any comments here with the RSS feed for this post.

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